Université de GenèveDépartement de Physique ThéoriqueCAP Genève

Inflation and Conformal Invariance: The Perspective from Radial Quantization

20. January 2017
Cite as: 
A. Kehagias and A. Riotto [arXiv:1701.05462].
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According to the dS/CFT correspondence, correlators of fields generated during a primordial de Sitter phase are constrained by three-dimensional conformal invariance. Using the properties of radially quantized conformal field theories and the operator-state correspondence, we glean information on some points. The Higuchi bound on the masses of spin-s states in de Sitter is a direct consequence of reflection positivity in radially quantized CFT3 and the fact that scaling dimensions of operators are energies of states. The partial massless states appearing in de Sitter correspond from the boundary CFTperspective to boundary states with highest weight for the conformal group. We discuss inflationary consistency relations and the role of asymptotic symmetries which transform asymptotic vacua to new physically inequivalent vacua by generating long perturbation modes. We show that on the CFT3 side, asymptotic symmetries have a nice quantum mechanics interpretation. For instance, acting with the asymptotic dilation symmetry corresponds to evolving states forward (or backward) in "time" and the charge generating the asymptotic symmetry transformation is the Hamiltonian itself. Finally, we investigate the symmetries of anisotropic inflation and show that correlators of four-dimensional free scalar fields can be reproduced in the dual picture by considering an isotropic three-dimensional boundary enjoying dilation symmetry, but with a nonvanishing vacuum expectation value of the boundary stress-energy momentum tensor.


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