Université de GenèveDépartement de Physique ThéoriqueCAP Genève

The Initial Spin Probability Distribution of Primordial Black Holes

5. March 2019
Cite as: 
V. De Luca, V. Desjacques, G. Franciolini, A. Malhotra, A. Riotto, (2019) [arXiv:1903.01179].
We study the spin of primordial black holes produced by the collapse of large inho- mogeneities in the early universe. Since such primordial black holes originate from peaks, that is, from maxima of the local overdensity, we resort to peak theory to obtain the probability dis- tribution of the spin at formation. We show that the spin is a first-order effect in perturbation theory: it results from the action of first-order tidal gravitational fields generating first-order torques upon horizon-crossing, and from the asphericity of the collapsing object. Assuming an ellipsoidal shape, the typical value of the dimensionless parameter a_s = S/G_NM^2, where S is the spin and M is the mass of the primordial black hole, is about (Ω_dm/π)σ_δ􏰓 \sqrt{1 − γ^2}. Here, σ_δ^2 is the variance of the overdensity at horizon crossing, Ωdm measures the current abundance of the dark matter and the parameter γ is a measure of the width of the power spectrum giving rise to primordial black holes. One has γ = 1 for monochromatic spectra. For these narrow spectra, the suppression arises because the velocity shear, which is strongly correlated with the inertia tensor, tends to align with the principal axis frame of the collapsing object. Typical values of as are at the percent level.


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