Université de GenèveDépartement de Physique ThéoriqueCAP Genève

Bayesian estimation of our local motion from the Planck-2018 CMB temperature map

25. October 2021
Cite as: 
S. Saha, S. Shaikh, S. Mukherjee, T. Souradeep, B. D. Wandelt, JCAP 10 (2021) 072 [arXiv:2106.07666]
Members involved: 

The largest fluctuation in the CMB sky is the CMB dipole, which is believed to be caused by the motion of our observation frame with respect to the CMB rest frame. This motion accounts for the known motion of the Solar System barycentre with a best-fit amplitude of 369 km/s in a known direction. Along with the CMB dipole signal, this motion also causes an inevitable signature of statistical anisotropy in the higher multipoles due to the modulation and aberration of the CMB temperature and polarization fields. This leads to a correlation between adjacent CMB multipoles causing a non-zero value of the off-diagonal terms in the covariance matrix, which can be captured in terms of the dipolar spectra of the bipolar spherical harmonics (BipoSH). In our work, we jointly infer the CMB power spectrum and the BipoSH spectrum in a Bayesian framework using the Planck-2018 SMICA temperature map. We detect the amplitude and direction of the local motion consistent with the canonical value v=369 km/s inferred from the CMB dipole with a sinal to noise ratio (SNR) of ~5, confirming the common origin of both signals.


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